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TURKEY ELECTRICAL MACHINERY AND CABLES MARKET
HS Numbers: 8501-8510, 8516, 8532-8548
The Turkish electrical machinery sector vitalized itself in the 1990’s by diversifying its
products and adopting recent technologies in product design and in production processes.
The share of the electrical machinery and Cable industry is 4.42% of total exports with a
value of US $ 5,97 billion in 2011.
Turkey produces almost every kind of electrical machinery including: isolated cables and
wires; domestic electrical appliances; AC motors; small motors for domestic electrical
appliances; all types of power transformers, distribution transformers, and measurement
transformers, power generators and electrical equipment such as breakers, contactors,
fuses, capacitors, relays, panels and cells; insulators; indoor installation materials and
accumulators; batteries; lighting materials; electric carbons and uninterrupted power
The Turkish electrical machinery industry is composed of more than 5,000 companies with
medium and small sized companies dominating the industry. The number of people
employed in this sector is approximately 56,000. Manufacturing sites are mainly located in
the Marmara, Central Anatolia and Aegean Regions of Turkey. İstanbul, Bursa, Konya,
İzmir, Ankara and Kayseri are the major cities in electrical machinery and parts production.
Isolated Cables and Wires
Isolated cables and wires have the largest share in the total exports of the Turkish
electrical machinery industry. The share of the cables and wires subsector equals 38.7%
of the exports of the electrical machinery industry in 2011. The electrical cables industry in
Turkey is composed of medium and large sized establishments as well as small sized
plants, with most situated in İstanbul. Turkey has a large potential for cable production.
There are approximately 23 firms operational in the isolated enamelled winding wire
industry, which is an important component of electrical cables. The majority of them are
composed of small-capacity plants, with a production capacity of about 25,000 tons.
Although the capacity of these establishments is relatively small compared with European
firms, these plants use high technology.
The share of the transformers subsector equals 12.2% of the exports of the electrical
machinery industry in 2011. Power and distribution transformers and measurement
transformers are produced effectively in Turkey. The production of power and distribution
transformers is realized by nine large and medium sized companies. The capacity of
distribution and power transformers in these plants is about 27,000 MVA. The technology
used in these factories is compatible with world standards and the quality of Turkish
engineering in power transformers is high. In addition, there are 12 large companies which
produce measurement transformers up to 400 KV. The measurement transformers
industry is competitive in world markets with its technology and product quality.
Domestic electrical appliances
The domestic electrical appliances industry is one of Turkey’s well-established and
dynamic sectors. The Turkish domestic electrical appliances sector has a wide product
range from electrical shavers to microwave ovens. Sector production has been rising
continuously since the 1950s. In terms of quantity, domestic electrical appliances
production was about 18.4 million units in 2010. Among domestic electrical appliances
refrigerators are the most important items with nearly 6.3 million units produced and 4.6
million exported in 2010 . In the year of 2011, nearly 6 million units of refrigerators were
exported. There are approximately 800 firms operational in the domestic electrical
appliances sector employing 18,433 workers. Production lines are mostly in the Marmara,
Aegean and Central Anatolia regions of Turkey. The main factories are located in İstanbul,
Manisa, Eskişehir, Bolu, Gebze, Bursa, İzmir, Ankara, Kocaeli, Yalova, Kayseri, Konya
Electric generator and motors
Electric motors and generators industry exports comprise 2,2 % of the exports of Turkish
electrical machinery in 2011. In Turkey, the production of small capacity motors for
domestic electrical appliances is successfully carried out by nine medium sized
companies. In addition, there are a few large companies producing specialized high
capacity electric motors up to 160 KW.
The production of other important electrical equipment such as medium voltage breakers,
relays and protection systems; low voltage panels and cells; ceramic insulators and power
generators; contactors; fuses; capacitors; indoor installation materials;, lighting materials;
accumulators and batteries is carried out by medium and large sized companies in an
efficient way. For medium voltage breakers, the annual production capacity of the large
sized companies is 22,750 units. Technology and quality are being improved continuously.
,The production of low voltage panels and cells meets domestic demand. Annual
production capacity of the companies operational in the sector is about 190,000 cells.
There are 2 medium scale companies in the ceramic insulator sector. Also, there are a
large number of small scale producers, amounting to a total capacity of 2,500 tons/year.
The Turkish electrical machinery manufacturers/exporters follow EU technical standards
and norms. It is obligatory to affix the “CE Mark” in the Turkish market.
At present, electrical machinery and cable industry exports comprise 4.42% of total
exports. The total export value of electrical machinery was US $ 4.9 billion in 2010 and US
$ 5.97 billion in 2011. Turkish-made electrical machinery is exported to almost 200
countries throughout the world. In 2010, the United Kingdom was the major buyer of
Turkish electrical machinery. Other principal export markets of Turkish electrical machinery
are Iraq, Germany, France, Russian Federation, Italy, Turkmenistan, Saudi Arabia and
The main export products are insulated wires and cables, electric transformers, domestic
electrical appliances, switching equipment, electric boards and panels, generating sets
and electric accumulators. Among product groups, insulated wires and cables have the
largest share in the total exports of electrical machinery. The share of insulated wires and
cables in the exports of electrical machinery is 38.7%. Producer and exporter firms in the
cable sector are competitive in international markets with their capacity, technology,
service and quality. In spite of intense competition in international markets, Turkish cable
exports are expected to increase further.
The other significant export product, electric instantaneous water heater, space htg; hair
dryer account for 14.3% and electric transformers account for 12,22% of the total exports
of the sector. Major export markets for transformers are: Bahrain, Saudi Arabia, Iraq, UK,
Libya, UAE, Germany, Nigeria, Turkmenistan and India.
TRADE FAIRS OF 2012
You can check the list of international and national trade fairs which will be held in 2012,
on “electrical machinery, equipment, technology and cables and wires” from “Turkey Fair
Guide 2012” web-site (www.fuarrehberi.org.tr)
General Secretariat of Central Anatolian Exporters’ Union
Machinery and Accessories Exporters’ Union
Istanbul Minerals and Metals Exporters Union
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